Waste Management Strategy to Page | 3. Introduction. The University of Exeter is a leading internationally recognised higher. Waste Management Strategies and Policies. This page contains information on strategies and policies regarding waste collection and recycling in Greater Kerbside Landfill, Recycling · ResourceSmart. DCOG Department of Cooperative Governance. DEA. Department of Environmental Affairs. DTI. Department of Trade and Industry. DMR. Department of Mineral.
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Principles of waste management[ edit ] Diagram of the waste hierarchy Waste hierarchy[ edit ] The waste hierarchy refers to the "3 Rs" reducereuse and recyclewhich classifies waste management strategies according to their desirability in terms of waste minimisation.
The waste hierarchy is the cornerstone of most waste minimisation waste management strategies. The aim of the waste waste management strategies is to extract the maximum practical benefits from products and to generate the minimum amount of end waste; see: The next step or preferred action is to seek alternative uses for the waste that has been generated i.
The next is recycling which includes composting. Following this step is material recovery and waste-to-energy. The final action is disposal, in landfills or through incineration without energy recovery. This last step is the final waste management strategies for waste which has not been prevented, diverted or recovered.
The hierarchy represents the latter parts of the life-cycle for each product.
Each stage in the life-cycle offers opportunities for policy intervention, to waste management strategies the need for the product, to redesign to minimize waste potential, to extend its use.
Resource efficiency[ edit ] Resource efficiency reflects the understanding that global economic growth and development can not be sustained at current production and consumption patterns. Globally, humanity extracts more resources to produce goods than the planet can replenish. This process of resource efficiency can address sustainability.
Polluter-pays principle[ edit ] The polluter-pays principle mandates that the polluting party pays for the impact on the environment. With respect to waste management, this generally refers to the requirement for a waste generator to pay for appropriate disposal of the unrecoverable material.
History waste management strategies waste management Throughout most of history, the amount of waste generated by humans was insignificant due to low population density and low societal levels of the exploitation of natural resources. Common waste produced during pre-modern times was mainly ashes and human biodegradable wasteand these were released back into the ground locally, with minimum environmental impact.
Tools made out of wood or metal were generally reused or passed down through the generations.
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However, some civilizations do seem to have been more profligate in their waste output than others. In particular, the Maya of Central America had a fixed monthly ritual, in which the people of waste management strategies village would gather together and burn their rubbish waste management strategies large dumps.
Following the onset of industrialisation and the sustained urban growth of large population centres in Englandthe buildup of waste in the cities caused a rapid deterioration in levels of sanitation and the general quality of urban life.
The streets became choked with filth due to the lack of waste clearance regulations. Highly influential in this new focus was the report The Sanitary Condition of the Labouring Population in  of the social reformerEdwin Chadwickin which he argued for the importance of adequate waste removal and management facilities to improve the health and wellbeing of the city's population.
Waste Management Strategies and Policies - Greater Shepparton City Council
In waste management strategies UK, the Nuisance Removal and Disease Prevention Act of began what was to be a steadily evolving waste management strategies of the provision of regulated waste management in London.
The Metropolitan Board of Works was the first citywide authority that centralized sanitation regulation for the rapidly expanding city and the Public Health Act made it compulsory for every household to deposit their weekly waste in "moveable receptacles: The use of incinerators for waste disposal became popular in the late 19th century.
The dramatic increase in waste for disposal led to the creation of the first waste management strategies plants, or, as they were then called, "destructors". InNew York City became the first U.
Waste Management Strategy
They became motorized in the early part of the 20th century and the first closed body trucks to eliminate odours with a dumping lever mechanism were introduced in the s in Waste management strategies.
The Garwood Load Packer was the first truck into incorporate a hydraulic compactor. Waste handling and transport[ edit ] Main articles: