Stakeholders, systems and issues in urban livestock keeping and agriculture-related occupations of poultry producers in the United Republic of Tanzania. LIVESTOCK SECTOR BRIEF | UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA .. regions, stall fed cross-bred dairy cattle, and peri-urban farming on a part time basis. 1Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries Development, P.O Box , Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. 2Departments of Agricultural Economics and.
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The potentials of the sub-sector are immense, if these figures are anything to go by. However, how much has this really helped to transform people's lives? And where should the nation place emphasis—quantity or quality?
We ask these questions because it is evident that livestock keeping in tanzania livestock keepers keep large numbers of cattle just for prestige. As such, the cattle are symbolic rather than practical in the sense of having a direct contribution to economic growth.
LIVESTOCK KEEPING: LET QUALITY BE THE GOAL
A bird's view on the sub-sector shows that a lot needs to be done. It is time to address policy weaknesses and turn livestock keeping into a commercial activity. Farmers and livestock keepers need to livestock keeping in tanzania mobilised to focus on quality rather than quantity.
However, the major patterns that occur in urban livestock systems seem to follow a set of classification criteria based on differences among cities, population densities and histories, livestock keeping in tanzania stakeholders, animal species, etc.
Tanzania | International Livestock Research Institute
The descriptions and classifications shown in Table 4 are not exhaustive, they only show the variation in approaches to defining urban livestock systems. TABLE 4 Descriptions and characteristics of urban livestock livestock keeping in tanzania, a random choice from the literature Peri-urban producers have grazing land, located mainly on the outskirts of the town.
The urban interface is characterized by strong urban influences; easy access to markets, services and other inputs; ready supplies of labour; but relative shortage of land and risks from pollution and urban growth. Peri-urban livestock keeping in tanzania zones [of Dar-es-Salaam, United Republic of Tanzania] exhibit both urban and rural characteristics, Most of the people in cities and peri-urban areas practise urban agriculture because it provides food for them; for income generation or poverty alleviation because of the proximity to the market ; for waste management i.
The peri -urban livestock system of Mexico City is located in an urban conglomerate that lies about 2 m above sea level, covers an area of livestock keeping in tanzania km2 and has a population of 22 million people.
Peri-urban Damascus Livestock keeping in tanzania Arab Republic is defined The total area is about 1 ha 8. According to land use, the study area is divided as follows The study area has the following characteristics: History and development of urban livestock keeping in tanzania systems All cities differ from one another in size, development history, sociology and structure.
When thinking in terms of future developments in opportunities for urban livestock, distinctions can also be made between cities that have grown in blanket form Figure 1a and cities that were planned according to the concept of satellite towns Figure 1b.
Obviously, livestock keeping in tanzania range of intermediate forms exists between blanket and satellite patterns, and practice does not always follow planning. Some cities opt for decentralized planning or laissez faire, others for centralized planning, and still others seem to have developed without any clear plans at all.
The Role of Livestock Data in Rural Africa: The Tanzanian Case Study
Singapore is a typical case of a city with strong legislative measures, but in other cities livestock keeping in tanzania any effect is expected from legislation other than an increase in bribery. Keeping dairy cows may be impossible in the heart of modern Mumbai IndiaTokyo Japan or Amsterdam the Netherlands ; but rabbits, chickens and other small pet livestock keeping in tanzania are commonly kept on balconies and in backyards everywhere.
In the nineteenth century, urban dairies were quite important in areas around beer breweries in Copenhagen Denmark and around distilleries in major United States cities, while today they still supply a good income in Dar-es-Salaam, particularly to civil servants Table 3.
Another potential criterion for distinguishing among urban livestock systems is in their origins. A system may emerge through: The terms "organic emergence", "induced development", "overgrown farming" and "imported by immigration" are useful classifications, particularly when governments have to negotiate with stakeholders in urban livestock systems about future courses livestock keeping in tanzania action.
Based on discussions with T.
PHOTO 4 A bullock cart in Jaipur Indiawhere it is a livestock keeping in tanzania common means of transport PHOTO 5 An intensive chicken production unit, promoted by the government, such as those found around cities in China PHOTO 6 Newly constructed apartment buildings among existing farms in Pune India PHOTO 7 A plot with a guinea pig stable and green fodder belonging to a family that has migrated from a rural village to the outskirts of Lima Peru PHOTO 8 In Western towns children and their grand parents often go to so-called "children's farms" where some aspects of rural farm-life are shown PHOTO 9 Children's farms offer the opportunity to watch and caress animals or even livestock keeping in tanzania work as volunteers Scale and degree of commercialization The scale and degree of commercialization are perhaps the most important criteria for distinction among urban livestock systems.
Basically, distinctions livestock keeping in tanzania be made among subsistence backyard, semi-commercial and large-scale commercial systems Table 5. Large-scale commercial systems may ultimately be the most problematic ones to maintain.
They often have few roots in the social network and tend to be associated with large amounts of waste such as dung and urine; they also tend to concentrate the social and economic benefits in the hands of a few and to disperse the costs across society.
In livestock keeping in tanzania ways, large-scale commercial enterprises much resemble their "role-models" in industrialized systems, and they are now restricted or banned in Western countries and, livestock keeping in tanzania example, in Singapore.